|Dandeli - Anshi Tiger Reserve|
ABOUT: The Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve sprawls over 875 sq. km. in the Western Ghats in the Uttara Kannada district. The undulating streams, bamboo, diverse wildlife and innumerable trekking trails make it a dream destination. The Kali river and its tributaries, Kaneri and Nagajhari, flow through this forest. The Tiger Reserve comprises of two Protected Areas viz., Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary (475.018 sq. km.) and Anshi National Park (339.866 sq. km.) that are contiguous to each other.
AREA: 875 sq. km.
FLORA: Various species of teak, bamboo, canes and climbers.
Mammals: Tiger, elephant, leopard, dhole, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, gaur and mouse deer.
Reptiles: Marsh crocodile, gliding lizard, king cobra, Russelās viper, Malabar pit viper, hump-nosed pit viper, bamboo pit viper, krait, ornate flying snake, wolf snake, etc.
Birds: Malabar Trogon, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Ceylon Frogmouth, Pompador Pigeon, Emerald Dove, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Paradise Fly Catcher.
Butterflies: Malabar tree nymph, southern birdwing, cruiser, common map, tigers, bush browns, oak leaf, clipper, tailed jay, red Helen, blue mormon, crimson rose and common rose.
Best Season: January to May and October to December
Deputy Conservator of Forests,
How to get there:
By Air: Belgaum (110 km,), Hubli (75 km,) and Goa (150 km.), Bangalore (3481 km.)
By Rail: Alnavar (32 km.) Londa (48 km.), Dharwad (57 km.),Karwar (117 km.) and Hubli
By Road: Dandeli is well connected to Bangalore, Mumbai, Goa, Belgaum, Karwar and Dharwad and Hubli by road. Several buses ply to Dandeli every day. Pick up and drop facility from closest destination is available on request.
THREATS: Fragmentation is a serious issue here. Six large and small dams, four hydel-power generation units and three major diversion tunnels, along with highways are within the reserves. Construction of the Aghanashini dam and one mini-hydel project have been planned. Large-scale extraction of non-timber forest produce and grazing also cause serious disturbances. The area is yet to recover from the timber extractions done in the past for paper and pulpwood industries that were set up here in the 1960s and mining activities that were carried till the late 90s. Poaching for commercial trade seems to be scaling, recently 43 otter, 23 leopard and one tiger pelts were confiscated from this area. Unlike in southern Karnataka, there is hardly any tradition of carrying out serious anti-poaching activities here, with very few cases being detected as a result. A proposal to add over 300 sq. km. of fine forests, if implemented, will greatly enhance this reservesā value. There is still no concept of conservation management in the reserve and the forest department needs to understand the importance of patrolling and anti-poaching activities.